When it comes to interior design, people may not initially think of geometry, but it actually plays a crucial role in creating visually appealing spaces. The physical world is governed by rules of shape and form, from the most basic to the most elaborate. Furniture arrangements and rug patterns are all influenced by geometric principles. Even Gaspard Monge, a French mathematician, who was living 18-19 centuries, believed that geometry in design could inspire innovation and lead to new forms and applications. Geometry can be used to improve object functionality, bring order, and simplify environments. The geometric design is a powerful aesthetic technique that can have a significant impact, from creating shapes and lines to eliciting emotions and adding character to a room. In this article, we will explore the relationship between geometry and interior design, and how it can be used in innovative and creative ways to enhance our living spaces.
Types of geometric shapes
Geometry is an essential element of interior design, and understanding the different types of geometric shapes is crucial for designers to create visually appealing and functional spaces. The three basic forms for the study of structures, forms, modulation, and accumulation are the square, the circle, and the equilateral triangle, as Italian artist and designer Bruno Munari explained in his groundbreaking study, “The Square, The Circle & The Triangle”. However, there are also many other types of geometric shapes beyond these three basic forms, including regular and irregular shapes like parallelograms and cubes (in nature more complex shapes could be found but they are non-geometric). Contrary to common belief, geometric shapes in interior design don’t always consist of strong, cutting lines. Circles, ovals, and crescents are just as geometric as triangles, squares, and hexagons. So, if you want to add some geometric flair to your interior design, start with simple geometric patterns that feature any of these classic contenders.